The Leo Frank Case: Inside Story of Georgia's Greatest Murder Mystery
The Leo Frank Case, Inside Story of Georgia's Greatest Murder Mystery (1913)
The Leo Frank Case (1913) produced by the Atlanta Publishing Company, is the earliest (first) known book published about the murder of little Mary Phagan and ensuing trial of Leo Frank.
On April 17, 2015, the centennial of Leo Frank's last living birthday, an audiobook version of this elusive 1913 book was produced and published by Margaret Huffstickler
Audiobook Link: https://archive.org/details/LeoFrankCaseAtlantaGeorgiaGreatestMurderMystery1913_201503
Anonymously Published, Despite Being Neutrally Written
There was a well documented and financed campaign launched by Leo Frank defenders involving egregious acts of criminal activity, subornation of perjury, witness tampering, manipulation, harassment and defamation directed against people who testified during Leo Frank's trial and appeals (See the official record of 1,800+ pages from the Georgia Supreme Court Leo Frank Case File), and thus because of the danger of racist Jewish terror and smear tactics, the neutral writer chose to not publish the work with his or her real name due to potential consequences (despite producing a neutrally worded book).
The anonymously published '[Leo] Frank Case' is one of the rare and unbiased treatments of the topic written by a dispassionate researcher and third party observer, the only other known books to be mostly neutral about the murder of Mary Phagan and the case of Leo Frank, written in the 20th century are: Guilty or Not Guilty, by Francis Xavier Busch (1952)
and the semi-autobiographical book written by Mary Phagan Kean, called, 'The Murder of Little Mary Phagan' (1987)
'The Leo Frank Case, Inside Story of Georgia's Greatest Murder Mystery', highlights the events leading up to the trial and aftermath surrounding the April 26th, 1913, murder of Mary Phagan by her boss, the superintendent of the National Pencil Company, Leo M. Frank; the neutral book includes a high level complete history of the sensational crime, with the portraits of the principals.
Published by The Atlanta Publishing Company, Atlanta, Georgia, in September 1913, very few surviving copies are known to exist. However this rare copy was scanned by Georgia State University and made available to the general public.
The most reliable primary and secondary sources about Mary Phagan's murder, Leo Frank's trial, appeals and aftermath
1. The Murder of Little Mary Phagan
by Mary Phagan Kean (b. June 5, 1954) was written by the namesake and grandniece of Mary Phagan (1899 - 1913) -- the little girl who was murdered on Georgia Confederate Memorial Day, April 26, 1913. Phagan-Kean produces a rare neutral account of the Mary Phagan murder investigation, coroner's inquest, grandjury indictment, and trial of Leo Frank, including the appeals (1913-1915) and aftermath of the case (1982-1986), that is engaging and well worth reading. Phagan-Kean's book is a very refreshing change from the endless number of contemporary books written by Leo Frank activists over the generations who quote and plagiarize other Leo Frank activists' academic dishonesty and falsified research, to create an artificial consensus of history that Leo Frank was innocent. For more than one hundred years Leo Frank activists have relied upon using fallacious evidence and fabrication about the Leo Frank case to racistly transform the 1913 affair into an anti-Gentile ethno-religious conspiracy.
2. American State Trials, volume X (1918) by John Davison Lawson LLD
(Available here on www.Archive.org
) the review tends to favor Leo Frank and his legal defense team, because the document provides an abridged version of the trial testimony, redacting and leaving out some very important details damaging to Leo Frank. Be sure to read the abridged closing arguments of Hugh Dorsey, Frank Arthur Hooper, Luther Rosser and Reuben Rose Arnold. A chronology of Leo Frank's appeals is also included. The last segment provides a detailed account of Leo Frank's lynching.
For a much clearer picture of the trial testimony, read the elusive Leo Frank Trial Brief of Evidence (BOE, 1913) for the official version of the trial testimony. Compare the American State Trials Volume X 1918 version of the BOE with the official record of the Leo Frank trial brief of evidence (1913) to see what was left out (the juiciest stuff) of the American State Trials Volume X, 1918.
3. Argument of Hugh M. Dorsey in the Trial of Leo Frank
(Available here on www.Archive.org
). Some but not all of the 9 hours of arguments given to the jury at the end of the Leo Frank trial on August 22nd, 23rd, and 25th of 1913 (the 24th was Sunday). Very few libraries in the United States have original copies of this books. There has been an effort over the last 100 years to steal and destroy the remaining copies to suppress Hugh Dorsey's closing arguments. This excellent book is required reading to see how Dorsey in sales vernacular closed a Jury panel of 13 men, a judge with a reputation for conscientiousness, along with a Jury of 12 men. Judge Leonard S. Roan ultimately sentenced Leo Frank to hang on his birthday April 17, 1914, revealing the ultimate truth and strength of his verdict. On appeals Leo Frank's defense team submitted a petition to judge roan on 107 grounds for why Leo Frank should get a new trial -- every single ground was rejected with an explanation on October 31, 1913. Judge Roans rejection of each and every one of the 107 grounds put before him, causes most 20th and 21st century neutral observers to realize the judge's appeasing oral remarks to his former law-partner Luther Rosser about questions of Leo Frank's "innocence or guilt" were more of a business courtesy, than an expression of doubt.
4. Leo M. Frank, Plaintiff in Error, vs. State of Georgia, Defendant in Error. In Error from Fulton Superior Court at the July Term 1913, Brief of Evidence.
Extremely rare, only 1 copy exists, and it is at the Georgia State Archive. (available on archive.org)
Three Major Atlanta Dailies: The Atlanta Constitution, The Atlanta Journal, The Atlanta Georgian (Hearst's Tabloid Yellow Journalism), The most relevant issues center around April 28th to August 27th 1913.
5. Atlanta Constitution Newspaper: The Murder of Mary Phagan, Coroner's Inquest, Grand Jury, Investigation, Trail, Appeals, Shanking and Lynching of Leo Frank Case in the Atlanta Constitution Newspaper from 1913 to 1915.
6. The Atlanta Georgian newspaper covering the Leo Frank Case from April though August, 1913.
7. The Atlanta Journal Newspaper, April, 28, 1913, through till the end of August, 1913, pertaining to the Leo Frank Case:
Leo Frank confirms in a jailhouse interview that he might have been in the men's toilet at the time Monteen Stover said his office was empty between 12:05 p.m. and 12:10 p.m.
Link: Atlanta Constitution, Monday, March 9, 1914, Leo Frank Jailhouse Interview
8. Tom Watson's Jeffersonian and Watson's Magazine: Watson's Magazine, January 1915
, Watson's Magazine, March 1915
; Watson's Magazine, August 1915
, Watson's Magazine, September 1915
, and Watson's Magazine, October of 1915
. (Available here on www.Archive.org). Tom Watson's best work on the Leo M. Frank case was published in August and September of 1915. Watson's five works written collectively on the Leo M. Frank topic, provide logical arguments confirming the guilt of Leo M. Frank with superb reasoning. Originals of these magazines are extremely rare and very difficult to find.
1. The Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (January 1915) Watson's Magazine Volume 20 No. 3. See page 139 for the Leo Frank Case
. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
2. The Full Review of the Leo Frank Case By Tom Watson (March 1915) Volume 20. No. 5. See page 235 for 'A Full Review of the Leo Frank Case'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
3. The Celebrated Case of The State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank By Tom Watson (August 1915) Volumne 21, No 4. See page 182 for 'The Celebrated Case of the State of Georgia vs. Leo Frank". Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
4. The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert By Tom Watson (September 1915) Volume 21. No. 5. See page 251 for 'The Official Record in the Case of Leo Frank, Jew Pervert'. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
5. The Rich Jews Indict a State! The Whole South Traduced in the Matter of Leo Frank By Tom Watson (October 1915) Volume 21. No. 6. See page 301. Jeffersonian Publishing Company, Thomson, Ga.
Tom Watson's Jeffersonian Newspaper
9. The Tom E. Watson Digital Papers Archive, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:
Tom W. Brown
10. Notes on the Case of Leo M. Frank, By Tom W. Brown
, Emery University, Atlanta, Georgia, 1982.
Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Records (1913, 1914):
11. Leo Frank Georgia Supreme Court Records
November 15, 2012
Leo Frank Murder Confession Number 3
Within the 318 page Leo M. Frank 1913 trial brief of evidence (BOE) is testimony and affidavits revealing Leo Frank made three admissions that amounted to him confessing to murdering Mary Phagan, though he would always claim he was innocent. Not contained in the BOE and publisted publicly in 1914, Leo Frank would make a fourth admission that amounted to a murder confession.
Leo Frank's Admission Number Three that Amounted to Murder Confession Number Three: August 18, 1913, Fulton County Superior Courthouse During the Leo Frank Trial
The third Leo Frank murder admission-confession occurred on August 18, 1913, when Leo Frank mounted the witness stand at his trial (July 28 to August 26) to make a 4 hour statement. He told the packed courtroom, Judge and Jury, in response to Monteen Stover testimony that his office had been empty on April 26, 1913, from 12:05pm to 12:10pm - Leo Frank stated he might have "unconsciously" gone to the bathroom in the metal room. It was the spine chilling apogee of the trial, because Leo Frank had stated to the Atlanta police on Monday, April 28, 1913, Mary Phagan had arrived in his office between 12:05pm and 12:10pm on Confederate Memorial Day, Saturday, April 26, 1913 (State's Exhibit B).
It was a slam dunk for the State's prosecution, because Solicitor General Hugh M. Dorsey and his legal team had proposed the theory to the Jury that Leo Frank murdered Mary Phagan in the second floor metal room between 12:05pm and 12:10om, on April 26, 1913.
Leo Frank Murder Confession Number One: April 26, 1913, Noon Hour
Leo Frank murder confession number one was made to his janitor Jim Conley, when Leo Frank told him he had tried to have sex with Mary Phagan and she refused him, and as a result of her rejecting him, he assaulted her.
Mary Phagan's bloody hair was discovered on Monday, April 28, 1913, at 6:35 A.M. tangled on the handle of a bench lathe in the second floor metal room by NPCo employee Robert P. Barret, along with a 5 inch wide blood stain on the floor in front of the girls dressing room. (Brief of Evidence, 1913)
Leo Frank Murder Confession Number Two: April 26, 1913 at 68 East Georgia Avenue, the Selig Residece
Leo Frank confessed murdering Mary Phagan to his wife Lucille Selig Frank on the evening of April 26, 1913 at about 10:30 P.M. Leo Frank said he didn't know why he would murder and asked his wife for his pistol so he could shoot himself. Lucille told her family and cook Minola McKnight about what happened (State's Exhibit J, June 3rd, 1913). Minola would later rescind the admission, but do so ingenuously.
On April 23, 1957, when Lucille Selig Frank died of Heart Failure (broken heart), her last will and testament notarized and registered with the local Government of Atlanta in 1954, requested that her remains be cremated. Sadly, the grave plot to the immediate left of Leo M. Frank in the Mount Carmel Cemetery, was reserved for Lucille Selig Frank, and to this day it remains empty. Not even Lucille's ashes are disbursed their, instead they were buried in the oakland cemetery in Atlanta between her parent's head stones.
Those are the three Leo Frank murder confessions found within the official record, but there is one more...
Leo Frank Murder Confession Number Four: March 9, 1914, Atlanta Constitution
Leo Frank gave a jailhouse interview to an Atlanta Constitution journalist and it was published on March 9, 1914. Leo Frank's statements published in the Atlanta Constitution confirmed and supported his August 18, 1913, trial statement admission, that amounted to a murder trial confession. This newspaper issue is available on The Internet Archive.